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中国关键词 核工业篇 :核安全法规标准体系

关键词:核安全法规标准体系 网址:www.zgfangfuyuan.com 日期:2021/11/24 10:33:20

中国持续强化核安全法规标准建设,形成了法律、行 政法规、部门规章相衔接,法规要求和技术标准相补充, 中央和地方相结合的法规标准体系,实现了核能开发利用 安全监管全覆盖,为依法治核夯实了基础。截至 2019 年, 已颁布《中华人民共和国放射性污染防治法》《中华人民 共和国核安全法》等法律,颁布了《民用核设施安全监督 管理条例》《民用核安全设备监督管理条例》《放射性物 品运输安全管理条例》等行政法规,发布部门规章 30 余 项和安全导则 100 余项,制定核安全相关国家标准和行业 标准 1000 多个,31 个省、自治区、直辖市制定地方性法 规文件 200 多个。及时总结国内外核安全实践经验,密切 跟踪国际原子能机构和核电发达国家最新安全要求,不断 更新法规标准,始终保持国际先进水平。


China continuously strengthens its legal framework on nuclear safety, which encompasses laws and corresponding administrative regulations and departmental rules at the national and local levels, supplemented by technical standards, covering all areas of nuclear energy development and utilization, and providing an adequate level of legal certainty for this sector. Laws and regulations enacted as of 2019 include: the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Prevention and Control of Radioactive Pollution, the Nuclear Safety Law of the People’s Republic of China, the Regulations on the Safety Supervision and Management of Civilian Nuclear Installations, the Regulations on the Supervision and Management for Civilian Nuclear Safety Equipment, and the Regulations on the Safe Transportation of Radioactive Materials. Also as of 2019, over 30 sets of departmental rules and 100 sets of safety guidelines, and over 1,000 sets of national and industry standards related to nuclear safety had been enacted, in addition to over 200 sets of local regulations issued by China’s 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government. Laws, regulations and standards are revised and updated on an ongoing basis to reflect domestic and international best practices and lessons learned in the field of nuclear safety, by taking into account the latest safety requirements of the International Atomic Energy Agency and the experience of countries with advanced nuclear technologies.


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